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Mobile Applications


Small mobile fuel cell engines can produce 1 to 10 kW of power with low to zero emissions. In dense populations such as China and India, this technology could make a huge difference to air quality - and quality of life.

The possible applications of small mobile power units are as numerous as they are diverse. Those currently in development include bicycles, scooters, wheelchairs, golf carts, small materials forklifts, industrial vehicles, and auxiliary power units. Fuel cells for these vehicles will be fuelled from hydrogen stored in metal or chemical hydrides or pressurized containers.


Medium mobile power applications present perhaps one of the most exciting opportunities for the hydrogen and fuel cell industry and our society.

With automobiles contributing significantly to the global air pollution, fuel cells that can generate 10 to 200 kW while emitting only water offer an attractive solution to a growing problem. Not surprisingly, in recent years auto manufacturers have taken a leading role in the development of fuel cell engines for cars. Canada's own Ballard Power leads the race in providing fuel cell stacks and engines for prototype fuel cell vehicles.

Other applications for medium mobile fuel cell engines include small buses, military vehicles, light duty commercial trucks, utility vehicles and forklifts.


Large mobile fuel cell engines can generate more than 200kW of power. While perhaps not as glamorous as a sports car, this technology is paving the way for all hydrogen fuel cell powered transportation.

Experts agree that the fleet operator will benefit from the development of fuel cell engines long before the mass market for several reasons:

  • Central filling and maintenance stations
  • Easy-to-install hydrogen infrastructure
  • Limited distance requirements

In addition to city and highway buses, fuel cell engines are being developed for a variety of large mobile vehicles including trucks, trains, military vehicles, submarines and ships.

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